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Okay all of you naturalists.  Here is another one for you.  Good Luck

1) In 5 words or less, how are voles ecological engineers?

2) Define ecotone.

3) Gabbro is which type of rock:

a - metamorphic

b - igneous

c - sedimentary

d - roundish

4) About how many songbirds are eaten by domestic cats in North America each year?

a - 2,000

b - 50,000

c - 1,000,000

d - more than 20 billion

5) In what habitat are you likely to find black bears in Spring?

6) In what month(s) do deer give birth?

7) Name the 5 main languages of the birds.

8) Where is one most likely to find snakes and lizards in the landscape in Spring?

9) What are cirrus clouds made of and how high are they in the sky?

10) True or False: Stinging Nettle is an indicator of disturbed, compact soils.

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Replies to This Discussion

1.) delaying natural succession

2.) Dervining from Eco- Meaning ecology- tonos-greek for- tension. The area where two different habitats meet. Indicators of an ecotone for example could be certain species of plants or animals... John Denver should of just named the song Where the River meets the sea- Ecotone. 

3.) Igneous

4.) D.-Thank youu Jackrabbit.

5.) Riparian envionrments? Because there diet consists of new growth and succulent plants during the spring.

6.) Early Spring. March-May.

7.) Companion,Male to male agression, juvi begging, Baseline, and teritorial.

8.) Ive seen them mostly on sides of trails and soaking up the sun. Ive heard its because they have just come out of hibernation so they are going to be spending alot of time in the sun soaking up the vitamins / energy.

9.) One of there components is Ammonia. They are one of the higher elevation clouds indication a change in weather.

10.) True.

Woah dude. This is deep. 

1. preventing/delaying/altering succession. 

2. Edge habitat. Forest meets meadow, Meadow meets pond, etc.

3.Wow. No clue... geology yikes. I'll go with d. "roundish".

4. Ha. D.


6. I remember you told me it's primarily June, but dude I've been seeing new born fawn tracks down here for at least 3 weeks. So I'm gonna say March - June depending on the harshness of the climate. 

7. I'm not sure if you mean the different purposes of language or the different syrinx structure types, but of syrinx structure types I only know of Suboscine and Oscine. For purpose of language, I'd say there is Singing for territory and mating, Contact calling for god knows how much, Alarming for safety in numbers, Nestling Begging for food, and then I'm not sure.... could be aggressive displays to ward of competitors or could be mimicry..... like Steller's Jays chilling on hawks.

8. in WA? hmmm. Memory says the big open rocky patches along rivers...

9. Snips. I don't know...  I think they are the very high wispy ones

10. True.

1.) Adorable edible nutrition for many!

2.) ecotone: one's vibrations towards establishing an ecological consciousness and bringing that to reality on earth ultimately benefitting humanity as a whole. Or changes from one environment transitioning to the next works too.

3.) A?

4.) C

5.) Wetlands, low elevation marshes. They gots to go to them swamps and eat thems skunk cabbages and get rids of them hibernation plugs of fecal fancy. 

6.) March

7.) First- Song, happy chatter, place/sense/environment establishment 

    Second- Companion calling, song birds establish communities, are you good? good?! ok great. me too!

    Third- Male to Male aggression. 

    Fourth- HUNGRY BABY BIRDS, Like the kids eat for free sunday afternoon at the Sizzler hungry. 

    Five- Bird Alarm, straight up predator in the midsts yo. Someone boughts to go straight up Brown Creeper up on their birdie butts 

8.) On rocks soaking up the sun from the day through radiation. 

9.) Frozen water vapor above 15,000 feet. 

10.) True, it is a pioneer species. 

Thanks for your answers people. 

1) PJ and HB covered it

2) yes except for Hannah's hipster answer

3) igneyessir

4) D is correct - anyone have any ideas on how to solve the problem? 

5) wetlands is correct.  Just learned some EPIC stuff on black bears in WA.  Specific timber stand habitat stuff and sugar/terpene ratio of cambium in different ages of trees. 

6) Most of North America is strictly limited to the last week of may and the first week of june.  There must be a few doozies and I guess maybe some geographical variation.  This needs more research done.  Who is going to jump on it?

7) PJ got this one.  Aggression is not limited male to male.  I watched a male robin last week beat the crap out of a female who got into his spot in the lawn.  She didn't move for about 5 minutes afterward.  Couldn't even fly after the beating.  She is probably dead.

8) This question was a little vague.  What I was looking for was thermal mass (rocks, clay, etc.) with a bunch of southern exposure.  We went to the basalt cliffs over the hill and walked all along the west facing bases looking at stuff.  When we turned the corner to the south, like clockwork, rattlesnake buzzing all over the place. 

9) HK got it.  High wispies above 15K and made of frozen H2O vape

10) The answer here is rarely.  It is usually found in rich soils with a lot of humus.  Think about where you see it.  Does it grow in lawns?  Or in little spots in the woods?  I say rarely because I am being nice. What I really think is that you all got it wrong.  Evidence that support this is found in the woods.  And in the research done on stinging nettle.  It accumulates about a half dozen minerals that are found in soils that it grows in and needs particular soil nutrients /composition to make the formic acid that stings you. 

Thanks for answering these y'all.  I will do another soon


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